There is nothing worse than being sick while traveling, and many a travel-related illness can be avoided (or at least mitigated). Please, for the love of all things good, take it from me. I’ve been there.
The advice in this post has come from over a decade of full-time travel, often learning the hard way; lessons learned in seemingly innocuous places, as well as truly inhospitable environments. Here’s how I survived (at times, barely).
It’s all about prevention.
In this guide I lay out exactly how to prevent nasty things from happening. Because when icky stuff strikes, your budget – as well as your trip – may well be blown.
So let’s make sure icky stuff doesn’t strike, shall we? Let’s get started.
BASIC PREVENTION TIPS FOR STAYING HEALTHY WHILE TRAVELING
Let’s start with the core techniques for staying healthy while you’re gallivanting around the world:
PREVENTING GUT GRIEF
Intestinal maladies are the easiest to contract, and also to prevent. I’ve had it all. Travelers diarrhoea. Giardia. Parasites. Even heavy metal poisoning. Oh yeah.
Here’s how to prevent digestive and gut problems while traveling.
Drink Clean Water
Ensuring that you imbibe nothing but clean water actually sounds simpler than it is, especially if you care about the environment and thus don’t like polluting it further by drinking from disposable plastic bottles. (Please don’t do it, if it can be avoided….and it can.)
Here’s how to ensure your water consumption is healthy:
Use a SteriPEN.
I have the SteriPEN Ultra USB-rechargeable water purifier and I use it all the time, especially in countries where the water isn’t generally safe to drink.
Something to remember, however, is that the SteriPEN kills 99.9% of bacteria, viruses, and protozoa, but it doesn’t filter out ickies like particulates and heavy metals.
So if you’re filling up from a backcountry river or from the tap in a dodgy country (as I did all over Asia), ask around about the condition of the water. Consider a portable water filter if you want to get rid of absolutely everything.
Carry a Reusable Water Bottle.
I swear by my collapsible water bottle; it’s ultralight and ultra-handy. I can also use it in conjunction with my SteriPEN. And, in countries where it’s unsafe to drink the tap water (even if I sterilize it), I refill my reusable bottle wherever possible; there are usually purified water coolers in hotels and some restaurants for just this purpose.
Hold the Ice.
When ordering drinks in developing countries, ask for no ice, and avoid blended beverages. Sure, that smoothie might look delightful, but do you know where the water to make that ice came from? If you’re not absolutely sure that it’s purified water, don’t risk it.
Eat Clean Food
A friend of mine couldn’t understand why she was terribly ill during and after her five-star trip to Mexico. “I ate nothing but salads!” she griped. Although fancy places that cater only to tourists are usually more attentive to hygienic food preparation, people still get sick all the time.
Whether or not you’re eating at five-star restaurants, here are a few simple culinary rules that need to be followed to stay healthy on the road.
If you Can’t Peel It or Boil It, Don’t Eat It.
Any fresh produce that has come in contact with (contaminated) water in the preparation (or worse yet, has not come in contact with water, as in it hasn’t been washed at all) is out. Yes, that rules out a huge amount of fresh produce. Veggies need to be cooked or peeled. Eat fruit selectively (for example, all berries are out; citrus, pineapple, and mango are okay because they’ve been peeled).
Select Restaurants Carefully.
Even if that pineapple has been peeled, did they cut it with a clean and dry knife? Because if they just rinsed the knife with contaminated tap water and used it wet on the pineapple, that pineapple is also now contaminated.
Many restaurants that have tourist clientele employ stricter protocols, since they don’t want to make customers ill and lose business. But be wary, and remember these rules if you are doing any of your own food prep on the road as well.
Eat Street Food at High-Turnover Places.
Not all street food is dirty; in fact, a lot of street food is cleaner than what you’ll get at a restaurant, since you can see the food being prepared. Choose vendors that prepare the food in front of you; you don’t want stuff that has been sitting around. The longer the lineup, the fresher (and better) the food likely is.
Wash Fresh Produce in Grapefruit Seed Extract.
Grapefruit seed extract has many natural health benefits; when I lived in South America, it was commonly used to disinfect fresh produce. Soaking fruit and vegetables in a bowl of water with just a few drops makes it possible to eat all that delightful fresh produce (like salads and berries) that is too risky to eat in restaurants.
Fend off Traveler’s Diarrhoea Before it Begins
Careful as you may be, it’s virtually impossible to eliminate all exposure to contaminated water or food on the road. This is where Travelan comes in. It’s a clinically proven natural supplement that prevents diarrhoea from ruining your trip.
You take a capsule before each meal, and it works by supplying your gastrointestinal tract with naturally occurring antibodies and proteins that lay in wait and go to work if you consume food or water that contains diarrhoea-causing bacteria.
It’s approved by the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) in Australia, and has passed rigorous US Army tests with flying colours.
I recommend Travelan if you’re going to a developing country and/or if you are sensitive to traveler’s diarrhoea. I plan to always have some on hand myself.
Disclosure: I recently learned about Travelan, and I decided they have a great product for travelers and that I wanted to work with them. Travelan has generously sponsored this post. That said, they did not tell me what to write, nor is my opinion of their product affected by their sponsorship.
OTHER BASIC TIPS FOR STAYING HEALTHY WHILE TRAVELING
But it’s not all about the gut. Here are some crucial overall health tips whether traveling to the other side of the world, or to the office in the morning, these prevention tips will keep you out of the doctor’s office.
Get Some Sleep
Between jet lag, long bumpy overnight bus rides, and a complete lack of routine on the road, sleep is what suffers the most, and it compromises our immune systems when we travel.
Do whatever you have to do to get a good night’s rest; I always have an eye mask and ear plugs handy, for starters. Other travelers swear by the use of melatonin, especially as a jet lag recovery aid. I’ve started taking it before bed in the 3-7 days following a big time change, and it assures a good night’s rest which goes a long way to jet lag recovery.
It’s so important to drink water – not only for basic hydration (especially in hot climates), but also because water itself is very healing, flushing out unhealthy bacteria and toxins.
But, this is a double-edged sword, because if the water isn’t clean, it will do more damage than good. Remember the tips above to ensure your water is clean.
Some people gain weight when they travel (due to eating richer foods and not having a gym to go to), while others lose weight on the road (by walking everywhere for example). Regular exercise will help you in staying healthy while traveling; and staying fit doesn’t need to be complicated.
Every single morning I do something to stay fit on the road, as soon as I wake up. Some mornings I do yoga and basic stretches. Other mornings I pull out my smartphone and use a free workout app like Freeletics, or the personal trainer app associated with my FitBit (a super-cool travel aid to help ensure you’re getting enough exercise, monitor your sleep and heart rate, and more).
I also own exercise resistance bands which are light and easy to travel with and enable me to build/maintain muscle without using gym weights.
Lastly, a great way to stay fit while traveling is to walk as much as possible; something that’s also great for observing and interacting with your local environment. When I was in Bali, I was one of the few people who didn’t have a scooter. And although on the whole not having wheels was a pain in Bali, it was also great because I got a ton of exercise.
Basic Sanitation Tips
It’s important to be vigilant about bacteria and viruses in any public place. But it’s especially important in public places with high concentrations of travelers, given that all our immune systems are compromised.
According to a recent study, self check-in screens at the airport have about a gazillion times more bacteria (the bad kind) than the average toilet seat.
If that’s not horrifying enough, consider how often your airplane seat armrests, tray table, and entertainment screen is cleaned. Apparently if you’re lucky, it’s once a month. With airlines flying multiple times per day, consider how many travelers before you have picked their nose in your very seat since it has last been cleaned.
Grossed out yet? You should be. Here are some ways to keep things sanitized while you’re traveling:
Carry Disinfectant Wipes.
Use them when you fly or take the train/bus to wipe down your armrests and tray table.
For a natural homemade version of disinfectant wipes, soak paper towels in a mixture of equal parts vinegar and water, with a few drops of essential oil. You can find all kinds of different recipes online, including some that suggest the above ingredients plus rubbing alcohol and a bit of dish soap. Vinegar is the most important ingredient here though, so if you need to make them on the fly, just use vinegar and water.
Wash Your Hands and/or Use Hand-Sanitizer.
Especially after you use self check-in (or similar) kiosks!
Be Aware of Everything You Touch.
When in public, be conscious of what you touch. Handrails, door knobs, even money; it all has cooties. It can’t be avoided, so don’t freak out every time you touch something in public; what’s important is that you don’t touch your face or your food until you’ve washed/sanitized your hands.
I can’t possibly cover how to prevent every single disease you can contract on the road, but here are a few preventative tactics that will tackle the ones you’re at highest risk for while traveling.
Ward Off Mosquitoes
I’ve suffered two mosquito-borne diseases: Dengue Fever and Chikungunya. Neither have vaccines or cures. And both are awful (life-threatening, even) to endure. I got off easy; there are even more serious diseases you can get from mosquitoes; diseases like malaria, yellow fever, and encephalitis.
While I’m a big fan of natural remedies and supplements, natural insect repellant isn’t on this list. When I spent a month in the jungles of Peru, I brought a horrendous concoction with 80% DEET (at the bidding of my jungle-experienced friend), and a lovely all-natural insect repellant which is what I actually planned to use (which my friend scoffed at).
He got the last laugh in on that one, when I was covered in pussy festering bites and finally lost my wits in a DEET-filled temper tantrum when termites took over my hut one day. (Read the whole story at A Month in the Jungle, Part 5: Journal Excerpts). From that day forward, I used DEET.
Protect Yourself From STDs
Far be it for me to tell you to be celibate on the road; when love (or even lust) strikes, you gotta answer to the call. (See also: My Sordid Attempts at Finding Love on the Road)
But don’t expect lovers abroad to all be tested for STDs, nor necessarily even honest with you about being clean (especially in the throes of potential passion). And beware: your partner might carry an STD and not know it because they don’t show symptoms…but you will.
Use the same precautions in bed while traveling that you would at home. And then some.
Check out Gynopedia, which is an open-source resource for sexual and reproductive health around the world.
Vaccinations can prevent diseases that you may be exposed to on the road, such as Yellow Fever, Typhoid, Japanese Encephalitis, Hepatitis, and even Rabies and Tetanus. But not everybody is a fan of vaccines. I’ll just leave it at that. For more information, read Travel Vaccinations: Yes or No?
NATURAL SUPPLEMENTS TO TRAVEL WITH
Here is a selection of natural supplements I travel with and use for prevention and/or treatment:
Studies are increasingly showing that bacterial gut health is way more important than we ever thought; I can attest to it; after years of living in South America and Asia and ignoring my gut, my whole body rebelled (which inspired my starvation detox in Koh Phangan).
It’s even suggested that after taking antibiotics (which strips your body of all bacteria, good and bad), your gut can take up to four years to return to normal. Probiotics will help this process along dramatically.
Probiotics are the “good bacteria” that fend off digestive issues, and some people say they can also keep you regular, and prevent/cure intestinal illness, colon issues, IBS, and even skin infections.
I take probiotics daily whenever I travel, in addition to eating yogurt and other foods/drinks with active bacterial cultures. Since many high-quality probiotics require refrigeration, look for a shelf-stable brand with the highest CFU count you can find (like this one).
Turmeric is my #1 preventative and curative natural remedy. It’s the bright yellow spice commonly found in curries. It also happens to be one of nature’s strongest antibiotics, anti-inflammatories (known to relieve joint pain), and anti-oxidants. And unlike prescription antibiotics, turmeric won’t strip your gut of the good bacteria; in fact, it improves digestion.
You can travel with (and take) turmeric in a few ways:
Fresh. Fresh turmeric looks similar to ginger (on the outside; inside it’s bright orange). Adding it daily to your food (if you can handle the gentle but distinct taste, add it raw to a smoothie) will keep you healthy (and regular).
Powdered. Powdered turmeric is easy to travel with, multi-purposeful, and can be found at grocery stores around the world. When I’m feeling unwell (or like I’m coming down with something), I dissolve a 1/4 teaspoon of turmeric powder in a bit of water and gulp it down twice daily. This is not prescriptive advice! It’s just what works for me, and I don’t believe you can overdose on turmeric. You can also make turmeric tea (recipes can be found online) or a potent turmeric/honey mixture (recipe here).
Capsules. While I actually enjoy the taste of turmeric, not everybody does, and some people can’t abide chugging turmeric-infused water. In this case, an easy (and potent) way to enjoy the health benefits of turmeric is to take it in capsule form. Some supplements (like this one) includes black pepper and curcumin for better absorption and additional anti-oxidizing “zing”.
Oil of Oregano
Eating spaghetti sauce won’t help you with the flu, but oil of oregano can. It’s an immune-booster, natural antibiotic, anti-bacterial, and fights infections. Along with turmeric, oil of oregano is my remedy when I feel ill. It’s best to catch it early; as soon as I feel something coming on, I take oil of oregano and I can often avert the worst of the illness.
I take a lot of different vitamins and natural supplements that are customized for my specific body type and condition. What I take and what you might need will probably differ; but at the very least I suggest taking a multi-vitamin to help keep your internal systems in balance and protected against the compromising effects (and varying diets) of travel.
MY TRAVEL MEDICAL KIT
I carry a travel medical kit with me, everywhere I go. Most are over-the-counter medicines that are easy to get/refill anywhere in the world. I try to buy in blister pack form (as opposed to in bottles); I take the blister packs out of their cardboard packaging and they travel very well all together in a ziploc bag.
This is what’s in my medical kit (in addition to the natural supplements mentioned above):
Painkiller/Fever Reducer – For headaches, muscle aches/pains, general pain management, and fever reduction. (I also carry special period pain medication and migraine medication).
Anti-histamine/Anti-allergy medication – For seasonal and pet allergies. I stay in people’s homes all the time, and I never know when I’m going to have a reaction to their pets.
Electrolytes – These powder packets are essential for replenishing fluids during/after having diarrhoea, after a hot sweaty hike/workout, or even after a night of too much alcohol.
Antibiotic Ointment – I’ve had bug bites fester and small scratches and cuts become infected; something that’s common in humid climates and/or developing countries. Now I prevent that from happening with antibiotic ointment.
Did you know that pharmacists are incredibly knowledgeable, and that their education is almost as rigorous and lengthy as that of a medical doctor? In fact, before making an appointment with a doctor, I always consult with the local pharmacist; it’s free, and the advice is usually spot-on.
Not only that, but in lots of countries, you can get medicines over-the-counter in the pharmacy simply by discussing your symptoms with the pharmacist; medicines that are often restricted to prescriptions in North America.
I stock up on special high-quality migraine medication, period pain pills, medicated creams, and even antibiotics when I’m in these countries, and I store them as part of my travel medical kit.
Please don’t be that person who says “if something bad happens to me on the road, I’ll just use crowdfunding”. It reeks of entitlement and poor taste to expect your friends, family, and social media connections to bail you out because you couldn’t be bothered to help yourself in the first place.
Travel insurance won’t help you stay healthy, but it will help your finances stay healthy in the event of an illness or emergency abroad, especially if it’s serious and thus, expensive to treat.
From experience (including claims experience), I recommend World Nomads. They’re the most flexible for travel insurance, allowing you to apply for and renew it from abroad. Get a free quote here.
Note: If you end up purchasing an insurance policy through the links here, or various products or supplements mentioned in this article, I will receive a small commission. This in no way affects your price, and helps me to keep The Professional Hobo going as a lifestyle travel resource. Thank you in advance for your support!
What’s your best tips for staying healthy while traveling?